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dc.contributor.author Zaerpour, Nima
dc.contributor.author Gharehgozli, Amir
dc.contributor.author De Koster, René
dc.date.accessioned 2020-02-14T00:55:08Z
dc.date.available 2020-02-14T00:55:08Z
dc.date.issued 2019-08
dc.identifier.citation Zaerpour, Nima, Gharehgozli, Amir, De Koster, René. (2019). Vertical Expansion: A Solution for Future Container Terminals. Transportation Science, 53(5), 1235-1251. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0041-1655
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10211.3/215084
dc.description.abstract Container terminals play a major role in the growth of international trade. They need to accommodate the increasing number of containers while their space is limited, particularly close to major cities. One approach, often used in practice, is horizontal expansion through expensive land reclamation projects. In contrast, vertical expansion uses the available land more efficiently by storing containers in high-bay warehouses. In this paper, we study a next generation container terminal consisting of container storage towers. A container tower is a cylindrical structure which consists of multiple levels of storage locations, lifts, and input and output (I/O) points (or depots). The lifts can rotate and can move containers horizontally and vertically to transport containers between the storage locations and the I/O points. We investigate several design questions: 1) What is the optimal configuration of a container tower? 2) How does a container tower compare to a traditional container block of the same storage capacity, in terms of throughput capacity? 3) Is a container tower financially feasible compared to an existing container block of the same storage capacity? 4) What are the impacts of varying design parameters on the container tower performance and its financial feasibility? Question 1 is answered by obtaining closed-form expressions for the tower travel time, formulating the problem as a nonlinear optimization model, and deriving closed-form expressions for the tower optimal configuration. Questions 2 and 3 are answered by using closed-form expressions in order to compare the performance of two systems. Question 4 is answered by a sensitivity analysis for the design parameters of the container tower. The results show that, compared to a traditional container block, the container tower can increase the annual throughput, while saving on the required footprint at competitive investment costs. In particular, the container tower can increase the annual throughput up to 120% compared to a container block of the same storage capacity. en_US
dc.format.extent 35 en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Transportation Science en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries 53;5
dc.relation.uri DOI: 10.1287/trsc.2018.0884. en_US
dc.rights INFORMS en_US
dc.subject terminal layout en_US
dc.subject container tower en_US
dc.subject throughput en_US
dc.subject investment and operational costs en_US
dc.title Vertical Expansion: A Solution for Future Container Terminals en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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